I will now answer verses that are often quoted in an effort to teach the idea of "Original Sin."
" For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (1 Cor.15:22).
When we look at the context we can that the "death" and "life" in view is in regard to "physical" death and life because here Paul is speaking about the resuurection of the body:
"But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (1 Cor.15:22).
In what way was Adam responsible for bringing "physical" death to mankind? Both he and Eve were created with mortal bodies and as long as they continued to eat of the Tree of Life they would not die physcially. But once they were expelled from the Garden of Eden no one was able to partake of that Tree which was designed to keep their mortal bodies alive:
"And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life" (Gen.3:22-24).
Since then it has been man's destiny to die physically:
"And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment" (Heb.9:27).
Those who promote the idea of Original Sin say that the following verse proves that all people come out of the womb in a state that can be described as "children of wrath":
"Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others" (Eph.2:3).
There is nothing in this verse that even hints that the word "nature" is used in regard to what a man is at birth. Instead, the "context" demonstrates that the "nature" spoken of is a result on one's own sins:
"Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others" (Eph.2:2-3).
If an infant can be described as having the nature of a "child of wrath" then why would the Lord Jesus say the following in regard to little children?:
"Then people brought little children to Jesus for him to place his hands on them and pray for them. But the disciples rebuked them. Jesus said, 'Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these'" (Mt.19:13-14; NIV).
Are we to believe that the Lord believed that infants are "children of wrath" but yet He would say that "the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these"? Of course not!
At another place we see the Lord Jesus speaking about children and here the same truth can be seen:
"At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them, And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven" (Mt.18:1-4).
If the idea of Original Sin is correct then we must throw our reason to the wind and imagine that the Lord Jesus was teaching that unless we become "children of wrath" we cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven! That is patently ridiculous and common sense dictates that the Lord Jesus did not believe that infants come into this world under the just wrath and curse of God.
We can also see that children are also described as being "an heritage of the Lord":
"Lo, children are an heritage of the LORD: and the fruit of the womb is his reward" (Ps.127:3).
If infants can be described as "children of wrath" then why would the following verse speak of a baby being "wonderfully made"?:
"For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast covered me in my mother's womb. I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well" (Ps.139:13-14).
Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity; And in sin did my mother conceive me (Ps.51:5).
First of all, David does not state that the guilt of Adam's sin was imputed to him. Instead, when we examine what is said we can understand that David was deeply troubled for his sins and wicked behavior and convicted of his guilt:
"For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me" (Ps.51:3-5).
Here we see that David was acknowledging total responsibly for his actions and he was not placing the blame upon Adam or anyone else. He expressed his repentance in an extreme manner, using figurative language to express the idea that he had been sinful ever since he could remember.
After all, not everything that is said in Pasams 51 can be understood literally. Let us look at what else is said in the same Psalm:
"Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice" (Ps.51:5-8).
If all of these verses are to be taken literally then verse seven can be evidence that men are cleansed from their sins "with hyssop." Verse eight can also be taken in a literal sense to teach that broken bones rejoice!
Also, if we take the following verse literally then we must believe that men will some day return to their mother's womb:
"And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD" (Job.1:21).
"The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies(Ps.58:3).
First of all, these words say nothing about anyone bearing the guilt of Adam's sin. Obviously figurative language is being employed because infants do not "go astray as soon as they are born, speaking lies." Infants cannot even speak as soon as they are born.